ECO-DRR Updates (May, 2017)

ECO-DRR Marged Final

Environment and Child Concern Organization-Nepal (ECO-Nepal) is a national NGO which has been working in the sector of Disaster management, Environment Conservation, Policy and Advocacy, Livelihood Promotion and Fostering Knowledge (FK) for Quality Education since past 17 years. ECO-Nepal was in Gorkha providing relief from the fourth day of the 2015 earthquake. Relief and rescue was the priority in earlier phase and the priority shifted towards more sustainable interventions through recovery, reconstruction and resilience approach.

Currently ECO-Nepal is implementing three projects in Gorkha: Dan Church Aid (DCA) funded Nepal Earthquake Recovery, Reconstruction and Resilience (3R) Project; World Vision International Nepal (WVIN) funded Gorkha WASH Project and the latest addition, Budhokhani DWS Project in partnership with Rotary Club of Kathmandu Metro (RCKTM). Here is an excerpt of activities conducted in the month of May, 2017 under the aforementioned projects.

Drinking Water Supply (DWS) Schemes Construction

Demand for water is at even more height in Gorkha after the April 25, 2015 earthquake. ECO-Nepal in partnership with DCA, through our earlier project, completed construction and renovation of 23 water supply schemes in then six VDCs namely: Baguwa, Dhawa, Makaising, Tanglichowk, Ghyalchowk and Bhumlichowk.

Adhering to the demand and need of community, ECO-Nepal currently is working for construction of 45 DWS schemes in Gandaki, Bhimsen Rural Municipality and Palungtar Municipality with two different funding partners, Dand Church Aid (DCA) and World Vision International Nepal (WVIN). 33 schemes are from DCA and DFID funded 3R project reaching 1726 HHs and 12 schemes are from WVIN funded Gorkha WASH project reaching around 1110 HHs.

Kuwapani DWS before and after construction under DCA (DFID) funded project situated in Dhawa-5. The DWS benefits 372 people of 80 HHs

Water safety plan is made for these schemes with proper water quality testing. User committees are formed/strengthened and basic care and maintenance training and orientations is provided to its members. The user committees are gender and ethnicity inclusive. Sustainability of these schemes are ensured by backing them up with appropriate hygiene promotional programmes targeting the DWS schemes, user committees and beneficiaries. Public audit boards are hoisted after the completion of work.

CHV posting MHM message among 6 key hygiene message in Baguwa
A CHV posting hygiene message poster along side a KAP poster under the DCA (DFID) project

Kicking Off The Budhokhani DWS Project

ECO-Nepal has recently signed contract with Rotary Club of Kathmandu Metro (RCKTM) for Budhokhani Drinking Water Project at Ghyalchowk, Gorkha. The Budhokhani Drinking Water Supply Scheme will benefit 75 HH out of which 70 HHs are from  the marginalized Chepang community. Two schools will also be benefited from the project. A Basic Care and Maintenance Training (BCMT) was organized for user committee and beneficiaries from 31st May to 3rd June, 2017. A total of 13 community people benefited from the training. “This is a very important scheme that will ease off existing water crisis among the Chepang community residing in then ward no. 5 & 6 of Ghyalchowk”, says Subash Chandra Bharati, WASH Engineer, ECO-Nepal. He further informed that, a total of 17 tap stands with 2 taps for schools will be constructed.

Due Water Collection Piloting Research Scheme

ECO-Nepal in support of WVIN is implementing due water collection piloting research scheme to construct community water system by promoting alternative water sources like due water collection and rain water harvesting technique. An assessment of the potential for dew water to serve as a potable water source during a rain less season in a humid tropical climate was carried out as the piloting scheme. Dew was measured daily on a 30° tilted, 1 m2 plane collector equipped with a thermally insulated radioactive foil. This scheme is being piloted in Palungtar Municipality 1 (Currently Changling VDC-5 Belgaira).

Most vulnerable communities deprived from drinking water due to the 2015 earthquake in the community, will have access on using alternative resources of water if this piloting project successes. This pilot scheme was carried out on February and March , 2017 and will be further piloted after the beginning of winter in 2017.

Due being collected at piloting research scheme in Palungtar

Second Round Menstrual Hygiene Training (MHM) Training

ECO-Nepal with support of DCA has been carrying out various hygiene promotional activities in WASH sector. In the month of May, second round MHM training has been completed with 108 participants including 29 FCHV and CHVs and 79 adolescents girls in six working VDCs with the objective of making them aware about menstruation health and sanitary practices along with home-made sanitary pad skill development. Participants in the training learned to make home made sanitary pad and menstrual hygiene management etiquette.

Participants learning to make home made sanitary pad at menstrual hygiene management training, Baguwa.

Master Training on Early Epidemic Detection

TOT on Early Epidemic Outbreak Detection was conducted on 2nd & 3rd June, 2017 at Bandhipur, Tanahun for Health Post In charge and other health personnel  from each working VDCs, District Public Health Office (DPHO) and WSSDO officials. The major objective of the ToT was to familiarize health workers on the different aspects of epidemics and its early detection, roles of different stakeholders during epidemic and to pass on their learning from the ToT to VWASHCC and local stakeholders. There were all together 8 participants in the ToT. An action plan developed by participants for their respective community level orientation on Early Epidemic Outbreak.

WASH1_Completion of Early epidemic detection training
Participants and facilitators posing for photograph after the Early Epidemic Outbreak ToT

IEC Materials for Awareness

ECO-Nepal and DCA, through the WASH programme have installed 13 Hygiene Promotion Boards (2 boards in each VDC and one in highway) at VDC junctions and important places. Similarly, shelter related two hoarding boards containing ten key messages for building construction codes have been installed in Bhumlicowk and Ghyalchowk.

Personal Hygiene Orientation and Inter School Poem Competition  

1 events in May and 3 events till date in June on personal hygiene orientation to students was carried out in 4 schools, of Ghyachowk under WVIN funded Gorkha WASH. Students from upper classes participated in the orientation. The participating students vowed to share personal hygiene traits learnt by them to others in school, family and community. After the orientation on hygiene and sanitation, students have made action plan for hygiene and sanitation promotion in school, family and at community. These orientation are carried our by WASH ambassadors appointed from community for the project activities.

WASH ambassadors with the project provided bag and IEC materials

Similarly on 26 May 2017, inter VDC school poem competition, on the title “Hand washing with soap” was conducted in Dhansira H.S. School in participation of 4 schools from Ghyachowk. More thane 300 students, 34 teachers and parents also observed this poem competition. Altogether 18 students expressed their poem from primary level to secondary level. Miss Kiran Gurung was the first winner of the day from secondary level. Pratima Gurung was first prize winner from lower secondary level and Yam Bahadur Gurung was firs prize winner from primary level and Yam Bahadur Gurung was first prize winner from primary level.

A winner receiving first prize at the inter school song competition in Ghyachowk

Closing The ESCAPE Project

Enhancing Food Security, Confidence and Resilience of People Affected by Earthquake (ESCAPE) is a ten month project implemented by ECO-Nepal in support if DCA. The project was funded by Diakonie. ESCAPE project has envisaged restoration of livelihood of 80 Dalits and Chepang earthquake affected families by enhancing their food production and livelihood diversification. In addition linkages to markets was also established, which coupled community resilience to withstand future risks and hazards.

The ESCAPE project was closed in May, 2017 after achieving its objectives. Through the project, 80 marginalized HHs were identified for livelihood support in Bhumlichowk. These households were supported in making business plan for themselves. Sectoral training was provided as per their business plan to capacitate them on their choice of livelihood option. Cash support was provided in two installments for realizing their livelihood business plan. Livelihood input support (drum, hazari and seeds) were also provided to the 80 HHs. For improving livelihood infrastructure, 25 ferrocement tank (ghaito) at community level, 1 Multi User System (MUS) in Aapchaur of Bhumlichowk and 1 farmer’s stop over point (tarkari bisaune) at Fisling were constructed. Similarly, community and school nutrition awareness orientation programme were also conducted. Similarly business skill training, cooperative literacy training etc were provided in groups to the beneficiaries to increase their access to market and bring about business awareness in them.

Livelihood Input Support

ECO-Nepal in support with DCA has been running “Healthy Garden Healthy Home” (HGHH) program under Livelihood sector covering 324 HH in Makaising and 36 in Tanglichowk with objective of improvement of their livelihood condition and strengthen economic condition starting from their own kitchen garden with introduction of modern farming techniques.

On 22nd May,2017 drip system and plastic for tunnels was supported as input materials for HGHH beneficiaries. 35 sets of Drip system and Plastic sheet was distributed in Tanglichowk. 8 sets of Drip system and plastic sheet were distributed in Bhumlichowk and 283 set of Drip system and plastic sheet at Makaising.

Livelihood Inputs being provided to beneficiaries

Distribution of Drip system and Plastic sheet, one of the technological input for successful establishment and maintenance of HGHH project which will be installed in kitchen garden of beneficiaries and practice it.

Livelihood Trainings: Nursery, Drip Irrigation and Tunnel Farming

Livelihood5_Training for drip and plastic tunnel tesnnique
Livelihood support input being used in training for drip irrigation and plastic tunnel technique

Healthy Garden Healthy Home (HGHH) is a new programme under livelihood sector being run by ECO-Nepal with support of DCA.  To implement the project in Makaising and Tanglichowk, nursery training was conducted to develop capacity of beneficiaries with technical support of Sital Drip Irrigation Technology Industry. On 9th May, 2017 nursery training was successfully conducted in Tanglichowk-9 with 34 participants and in first week of May in Makaising with 314 participants.

Capacity development and awareness raising among beneficiaries about use of modern technology in farming is most required for successful implementation of HGHH. Farmers learned about the do and don’ts of agriculture techniques starting from nursery to each step of vegetable farming. Training oriented the farmers about knowledge of safe methods of nursery and minimize the risk.

Livelihood6_Tomato Nursery in Makaising(HGHHHH)
Nursery Training

Under HGHH program in livelihood sector beneficiaries were provided with training for Micro Irrigation Technology (MIT) installation(Drip Irrigation), plastic tunnel technique to capacitate farmers and use modern farming technologies in sustainable manner.  On 24th May 2017, same training was conducted with 35 participants in Tanglichowk-9, Furkedanda whereas in Makaising training was completed successfully with 76 participants. The training was well facilitated with technical support of Sital Drip Irrigation Technology Industry where farmers learned about installation of the MIT, plastic tunnel in field itself practically.

Farmer’s Stop Over Point (Tarkari Bisaune)

Farmers bringing vegetables to Bhairavi Sahakari have to cross the long suspension bridge over Trisuli river to reach the cooperative’s collection center in Fisling. A farmer’s stop over point (tarkari bisaune) was constructed under ESCAPE prject in Bhumlichowk, Fisling-4 just besides the suspension bridge  project so that all farmers from Bhumlichowk VDC carrying their heavy carrier (doko) with vegetables can rest while transporting vegetables on their back and find shed in hot summer and rainfall.

LIVELIHOOD8_vegetable stop point(Bisaune) in Bhumlichowk
Farmer’s stop over point at Fisling, Bhumlichowk.

Multi User System (MUS)

Image_9 Kaule mus
The overflow (wastage water) storage of Kahule MUS

Availability of water for irrigation and other household purpose besides drinking water has always been a major feedback from the community. Learning from this, under 3R project of ECO-Nepal with support of DCA, two Multi Use System (MUS) construction are ongoing. 75% work have been completed in the Kahule MUS of Makaising. The MUS targets 32 HH of Kahule Drinking Water Scheme, Makaising-4 contributing to the HGHH programme with integration of irrigation with WASH and strengthening the outreach of both WASH and livelihood programme. Similar MUS is being constructed in Aapchaur, Bhumlichowk-7 covering 30 HHs and 60% of construction work has been completed. “MUS is very fruitful for wise utilization of water which stores the overflowed (wastage water) and use it for irrigation supporting livelihood of the people”, says Livelihood Officer Mr. Hari Bastakoti.

Household and School Nutrition Orientation

ECO-Nepal and DCA have nutrition programme entwined with regular livelihood programmes. Household and school nutrition training was conducted from 23rd May to 26th May, 2017 with 4 Livelihood group and 3 School of two VDCs. Through these programmes, community and school students are give them some knowledge and idea how to manage nutrition in daily food.

In total 4 community level and 3 school level event were conducted with participation of 62 community people in total and the no. school students were 117 ( Class 1-5). Livelihood Officer,  Social Technician (livelihood) and Social Mobilizers facilitated the programmes.

The nutrition programmes are usually half day orientation program that focuses on sharing knowledge among each other about nutrition. through the programme, it is expected that in future community people in Bhumlichok will improve their health standard by utilizing/managing  local food in daily consumption.

Nutrition orientation at school

Micro Enterprise Orientation

Under the 3R project a half day Micro Enterprise Training/orientation was conducted in Aapchaur (23rd May)  and Aagridada (25th May) of Bhumlichok with the objective of giving some knowledge and idea about small scale business to livelihood groups being supported by ECO-Nepal. A total of 38 participants were present in the 2 event training program. The total participants of the two events were 38 with 34 Janjati, 3 Chepang and 1 Dalit. Livelihood Officer, Social Technician (livelihood) and Social Mobilizers facilitated the programmes.

Livestock Insurance

An insured goat from Ghyalchowk

After the livelihood insurance training conducted in March and regular motivation from social mobilizers, community people of Ghyalchowk were pretty aware of  importance of insurance and its benefits. In total 360 livestock (goats and buffalo) of 158 HHs from 15 livelihood groups of Ghyalchowk have been insured till date. Nepal government has identified Prudential Insurance Company for livestock insurance in Gorkha and all insurances are done through this company. The insurance programme has adopted following model: 75% support by Government, 15% ECO-Nepal and 10% beneficiaries was proposed where follow-up will be done by ECO-Nepal.

Conduction of  Ward level PHVCA

Participatory Hazard Vulnerability Capacity Assessment (PHVCA) uses various participatory tools to gauge people’s exposure to and capacity to resist natural hazards. It is an integral part of disaster preparedness and contributes to the creation of community-based disaster preparedness program at the rural level.

ECO-Nepal in support with DCA has completed PHVCA in 8 wards (1 to 8) except 9 in Bhumlichowk VDC. In case of Makaising, Butar-2 has been completed with involvement of local people and WDMC members.

PHVCA enables local priorities to be identified and appropriate action taken to reduce disaster risk and assists in the design and development of programs that are mutually supportive and responsive to the needs of the people most closely concerned with use of different PHVCA tools like: Hazard mapping, Timeline, Problem tree, Social Map, Hazard Ranking. VDC level HVCA and draft LDRMP had already been prepared through earlier project that ECO-Nepal implemented in support of DCA.

‘Light Search & Rescue’ and ‘First Aid’ training to Community Task Force

“Armed Police Force (APF) Disaster Management Training Center” provided the technical support while conducting three day Community Search and Rescue (CSAR) training to Community Search and Rescue task force. With a view to enhance the emergency response capacity of its community task force, ECO-Nepal and DAC made mandatory for community task force to participate in the CSAR training. During training, a total of 26 members of CTF out of 36 from four project VDCs participated, and now they are able to perform light community search and rescue operation during any disaster. The training was conducted in April.

Participant gaining practical knowledge in LSAR training

Similarly, a fist aid training was conducted to community task force with a view that First Aid Knowledge and skill can support the civil society to build resilience within individuals and communities in disaster preparedness and response as well as in their daily lives. First aid provides an initial response to a health emergency, offering protective and life saving measures until the affected person’s condition is stabilized or until proper medical supervision becomes available. A total of 30 members (out of 36 CTF) were present in the first aid training. Like LSAR, the training too was conducted in April.

Female participants taking part in practical session of the first aid training


Forming, Reviving and Strengthening Mediation Center

After the creation of community level cadres for Pyschosocial Support (PSS) programme in previous months through mediation training, ECO-Nepal in support of DCA attempted at strengthening the VDC level mediation center. Mediation centers made functional by reviving in Tanglichowk and Makaising and newly forming in Ghyalchowk and Bhumlichowk. In May, these mediation centers were supported with Physical support (furniture and stationery) so as to bring efficiency in their functioning  and to make people believe in the mediation center’s value. The center is stationed by a trained community mediator.

Mediation center of Makaising with newly supported furniture


Extra Curricular Activities in School

Memory test among students was organised on May 27th 2017 in Jiwan jyoti primary School, Makaising as extracurricular activity under PSS programs where 35 students were benefited including 20 girls and 15 boys. Similarly, another memory test competition was carried out on May 28th 2017, in Prajabasti primary School, Makaising where 58 students benefited including 29 boys and 29 girls all belonging to Chepang Community. As part of PSS sector, quiz competition and singing competition was organised earlier in March in two primary and one lower secondary school. Extra curricular activities are part of psychosocial suppport program being implemented in 9 schools of 4 villages under the 3R project being implemented in support of DCA.

PSS_2 Prajabasti School in Makaising
Social Mobilizer with participants of memory test programme

 Advisor: Ram Chandra Neupane
 Edit, Design and Layout: Himal Poudel
 News Compilation: Rikma Basnet and Himal Poudel
 For further details:
Environment and Child Concern organization-Nepal (ECO-Nepal)
Kathmandu Metropolitan City-5, Rajkulo Marga, Hadigaun, Kathmandu
Tel: +977 01 4445322, 4435844

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